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منتظران مهدی(عج) - فلسفه ی نامهای امام زمان
منتظران مهدی(عج)

بیایید منتظر واقعی باشیم نه لفظی

فلسفه ی نامهای امام زمان

جمعه 23 مرداد 1388

لقب مشهور امام زمان(عج)، "مهدى" و القاب دیگر ایشان؛ منتظر، حجّت، خلف صالح، قائم و صاحب‎الزمان مى‎باشد. اما نام و كنیه ایشان، نام و كنیه رسول خدا(صلى الله علیه و آله) است. چه این كه آن حضرت فرمود: مردى از فرزندان من در آخر زمان قیام مى‎كند كه اسم او اسم من و كنیه او كنیه من است.1

نام پیامبر، محمد و كنیه او ابوالقاسم است و همین نام و كنیه براى حضرت مهدى(علیه‎السلام) است. اما روایاتى وارد شده است كه از ذكر نام او قبل از آن كه ظهور كند نهى كرده‎اند و حتى از آن حضرت نقل شده است كه فرمود: لعنت خدا بر كسى كه در میان جمع مردم، نام مرا ببرد.2

روایات به طور مطلق از نام بردن نام ولى عصر(علیه‎السلام) نهى كرده‎اند، بنابراین این نهى روایات تنها به زمان غیبت صغرى مربوط نمى‎شود بلكه غیبت كبرى را هم در بر مى‎گیرد.

احادیثى درباره فلسفه القاب آن حضرت وارد شده است كه در این جا به ذكر چند روایت اكتفا مى‎كنیم:

"صقربن دلف" گوید: از امام جواد(علیه‎السلام) شنیدم كه فرمود: امام بعد از من على است، امر او، امر من است و سخن او، سخن من و طاعت او، طاعت من است و امامت بعد از او با فرزندش حسن مى‎باشد كه امر او، امر پدرش و سخن او سخن پدرش و اطاعت از او، اطاعت از پدرش مى‎باشد. آنگاه سكوت كرد.

عرض كردم: یابن رسول الله! امام بعد از حسن كیست؟

حضرت گریه شدیدى كرد و فرمود: بعد از حسن، فرزندش، قائم به حق و امام منتظر است . عرض كردم: یابن رسول الله! چرا قائم نامیده شد؟

فرمود: زیرا بعد از آن كه نام ایشان از میان مى‎رود، اكثر كسانى كه به او اعتقاد دارند از او روى‎گردان مى‎شوند، قیام مى‎كند.

عرض كردم: چرا منتظر نامیده شد؟ فرمود: زیرا غیبتى دارد كه بسیار طولانى است و مخلصین، منتظر او هستند و شك كنندگان، او را انكار كرده و منكران، نامش را استهزا مى‎كنند. كسانى كه براى ظهورش وقت تعیین مى‎كنند فراوان مى‎شوند و كسانى كه درباره او تعجیل دارند هلاك مى‎گردند و آنان كه تسلیم هستند نجات مى‎یابند.3

امام صادق(علیه‎السلام) فرمود: قائم، مهدى نامیده شد زیرا به امرى هدایت مى‎كند كه مردم از آن گمراه شده‎اند و قائم نامیده شده است زیرا براى اقامه حق قیام مى‎كند.4

امام رضا(علیه‎السلام) نیز به هنگام ذكر لفظ قائم بر مى‎خاست و دست خود را بر سر مى‎گذاشت و مى‎گفت: اللّهم عجّل فرجه و سهّل مخرجه.5

 

پی نوشت ها:

1- عقد الدور، باب دوم ، ص 32.

2- بحارالانوار، ج 51، ص 33.

3- بحارالانوار، ج 51، ص 30.

4- بحارالانوار، ج 51، ص 30.

5- مستدرك سفینة البحار، ج 8، ص 629.


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